The Labor Effects of Judicial Bias in Bankruptcy
55 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2021 Last revised: 9 May 2022
Date Written: December 29, 2020
We exploit the random assignment of cases across courts in the state of Sao Paulo in Brazil to study the effect of judicial bias on labor market outcomes. Employees assigned to courts that favor firm continuation are more likely to stay with their employer, but they earn, on average, lower wages after bankruptcy. We argue that imperfect information about outside options in the local labor market can rationalize this result. The effect is concentrated in periods of economic expansion. During recessions, instead, judicial bias favoring continuation helps preserve employees' earnings after bankruptcy.
Keywords: Brazil, Judicial Decisions, Labor Earnings, Financial Distress, Outside Options
JEL Classification: G33, G20, K10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation