Heterogeneous Labor Market Effects of Monetary Policy
47 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2021 Last revised: 5 Jan 2021
Date Written: December 6, 2020
This paper analyzes the heterogeneous effects of monetary policy on workers with different levels of labor force attachment. Exploiting variation in labor market tightness across metropolitan areas, we show that the employment of populations with lower labor force attachment--Blacks, high school dropouts, and women--is more responsive to expansionary monetary policy in tighter labor markets. We develop a New Keynesian model with heterogeneous workers that explains these results. The model shows that expansionary monetary shocks lead to larger and more persistent increases in the employment of low attachment populations when the central bank follows an average inflation targeting rule and when the Phillips curve is flatter. These findings suggest that the Federal Reserve's recent move from a strict to an average inflation targeting framework will especially benefit workers with lower labor force attachment.
Keywords: Monetary Policy, Labor Markets, Heterogeneous Agents, Federal Reserve
JEL Classification: E12, E24, E31, E43, E52, E58, J24
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