Trauma at School: The Impacts of Shootings on Students' Human Capital and Economic Outcomes

78 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2021 Last revised: 25 May 2022

See all articles by Marika Cabral

Marika Cabral

University of Texas at Austin; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Bokyung Kim

University of Texas at Austin, Department of Economics, Students

Maya Rossin-Slater

Stanford University

Molly Schnell

Northwestern University - Department of Economics

Hannes Schwandt

Northwestern University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2020

Abstract

We examine how shootings at schools—an increasingly common form of gun violence in the United States—impact the educational and economic trajectories of students. Using linked schooling and labor market data in Texas from 1992 to 2018, we compare within-student and across-cohort changes in outcomes following a shooting to those experienced by students at matched control schools. We find that school shootings increase absenteeism and grade repetition; reduce high school graduation, college enrollment, and college completion; and reduce employment and earnings at ages 24–26. We further find school-level increases in the number of leadership staff and reductions in retention among teachers and teaching support staff in the years following a shooting. The adverse impacts of shootings span student characteristics, suggesting that the economic costs of school shootings are universal.

Suggested Citation

Cabral, Marika and Kim, Bokyung and Rossin-Slater, Maya and Schnell, Molly and Schwandt, Hannes, Trauma at School: The Impacts of Shootings on Students' Human Capital and Economic Outcomes (December 2020). NBER Working Paper No. w28311, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3759849

Marika Cabral (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Austin ( email )

Department of Economics
2225 Speedway, BRB 1.116, C3100
Austin, TX 78712
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Bokyung Kim

University of Texas at Austin, Department of Economics, Students ( email )

Austin, TX
United States

Maya Rossin-Slater

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Molly Schnell

Northwestern University - Department of Economics ( email )

2003 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

Hannes Schwandt

Northwestern University ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

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