Does Quantitative Easing Mitigate the Sovereign-Bank Nexus?

38 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2021

See all articles by Alexander Bechtel

Alexander Bechtel

University of St. Gallen - School of Finance

Jens Eisenschmidt

European Central Bank (ECB)

Angelo Ranaldo

University of St. Gallen; University of St. Gallen - School of Finance

Date Written: January 6, 2021

Abstract


The credit risk of the sovereign affects the financial health of its banking sector and vice versa, creating an adverse feedback loop known as “sovereign- bank nexus”. We show that Quantitative Easing can effectively mitigate the sovereign-bank nexus. Our results indicate that the ECB’s Public Sector Purchase Programme reduced the co-movement of sovereign and bank credit risk by almost 80%. The mitigation is driven by the euro area periphery and works through three channels: (i) a reduction in government bond holdings of banks, (ii) an increase of government bond prices, and (iii) an increase in excess liquidity holdings of banks.

Keywords: Sovereign-bank nexus, quantitative easing, Public Sector Purchase Programme, financial stability

JEL Classification: E52, G10, E60, G21

Suggested Citation

Bechtel, Alexander and Eisenschmidt, Jens and Ranaldo, Angelo, Does Quantitative Easing Mitigate the Sovereign-Bank Nexus? (January 6, 2021). University of St.Gallen, School of Finance Research Paper No. 2021/01, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3761085 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3761085

Alexander Bechtel (Contact Author)

University of St. Gallen - School of Finance ( email )

Unterer Graben 21
St.Gallen, CH-9000
Switzerland

Jens Eisenschmidt

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Angelo Ranaldo

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Swiss Institute of Banking and Finance s/bf-HSG
Unterer Graben 21
St. Gallen, 9000
Switzerland
+41712247010 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.sbf.unisg.ch/Lehrstuehle/Lehrstuhl_Ranaldo/Homepage_Ranaldo.aspx

University of St. Gallen - School of Finance ( email )

Unterer Graben 21
St.Gallen, CH-9000
Switzerland

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