Employment Impacts of Cleaner Production - Evidence from a German Study Using Case Studies and Surveys

27 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2003

See all articles by Friedhelm Pfeiffer

Friedhelm Pfeiffer

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW); University of Mannheim - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Klaus Rennings

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Date Written: 1999

Abstract

The study assesses net employment effects of technical progress which can be expected by the ongoing transition from end-of-pipe technologies towards cleaner production. Empirical evidence is presented on the basis of case studies and panel data including a telephone survey in German industry. The main result ist that cleaner production leads in more firms to a net creation of jobs than end-of-pipe technologies. However, eco-innovations like other innovations tend to require higher qualification. Thus, the demand for skilled and high-skilled labour rises while the demand for unskilled labour decreases. The results imply that supporting cleaner production is not in conflict with labour market policy. Synergies are identified, they are however small and specific. Thus, technology policy in general and supporting cleaner pro-duction in particular can not be expected to give substantial contributions to the solution of mass unemployment in Germany without using additional instruments (e.g. concerning a reduction of labour costs, increasing flexibility of labour markets).

Keywords: Ecoinnovation, Skill biased technical change

Suggested Citation

Pfeiffer, Friedhelm and Rennings, Klaus, Employment Impacts of Cleaner Production - Evidence from a German Study Using Case Studies and Surveys (1999). ZEW Discussion Paper No. 99-32, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=376142 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.376142

Friedhelm Pfeiffer

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

D-68161 Mannheim
Germany
++49 (0)621/1235-150 (Phone)
++49 (0)621/1235-225 (Fax)

University of Mannheim - Department of Economics

D-68131 Mannheim
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Klaus Rennings (Contact Author)

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim
Germany

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