Euro Area Inflation Persistence
59 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2003
Date Written: December 2002
This paper presents evidence on the lag between monetary policy actions and the response of inflation in the euro area as a whole and in Germany, Italy and France. In line with findings for the US and the UK, results here show that this lag is longer than one year both in the euro area and in individual countries, and that a lag of this length has existed in Europe at least since the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, despite the numerous changes in European monetary policy regime thereafter. Results based on alternative definitions of inflation persistence support these findings, although, they suggest that a drop in German inflation persistence and a shift in the mean of inflation - particularly in Italy and France - are beyond doubt. The paper shows that euro area inflation persistence may be an intrinsic phenomenon rather than a "statistical fluke" due to aggregation.
Keywords: Euro area, inflation persistence, HICP, monetary transmission, aggregation bias
JEL Classification: E4, E5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation