Remotely Productive: The Efficacy of Remote Work for Executives
61 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2021 Last revised: 2 Oct 2021
Date Written: January 7, 2021
We study the efficacy of remote working arrangements between CEOs and firms. Long-distance CEOs underperform according to operating performance, firm valuation, insider reviews, and announcement returns to CEO departures. These effects are stronger when the CEO lives further away and crosses multiple time zones. Using the private costs from uprooting the CEO’s spouse as an instrument for the CEO’s decision to work remotely, we verify the robustness of performance outcomes. The underperformance of long-distance CEOs is related to short-termism, loss of information, and consumption of leisure, such as recreational boats and beach homes.
JEL Classification: G30, G34, G41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation