Death Penalty in the Philippines: Evidence on Economics and Efficacy

ASOG Working Paper 21-003

27 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2021

See all articles by Imelda Deinla

Imelda Deinla

School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet)

Ronald U. Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Angelika Pizarro

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ray Paolo R. Santiago

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center

Date Written: January 10, 2021

Abstract

In his 5th State of the Nation Address (SONA) last July 27, 2020, President Rodrigo Duterte called on Congress to swiftly pass the bill reinstating the death penalty, specifically for heinous drug-related crimes specified under the Comprehensive Drugs Act of 2002. Pro-death penalty lawmakers and advocates in the country have long argued that the death penalty will deter criminality. However, the literature suggests that there is still no clear and credible empirical evidence to back the argument that the death penalty is a crime deterrent. Furthermore, this paper examined the potential drivers of the growing death penalty support in the Philippines and the possible implications of reinstating the death penalty in the current state of the country’s justice system and economy.

Keywords: death penalty, criminality, selective justice system, human rights

JEL Classification: D63, K14, K38

Suggested Citation

Deinla, Imelda and Mendoza, Ronald U. and Pizarro, Angelika and Santiago, Ray Paolo, Death Penalty in the Philippines: Evidence on Economics and Efficacy (January 10, 2021). ASOG Working Paper 21-003, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3763271 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3763271

Imelda Deinla

School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

Ronald U. Mendoza (Contact Author)

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Katipunan Road
Loyola Heights
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

Angelika Pizarro

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ray Paolo Santiago

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center ( email )

20 Rockwell Drive, Ateneo Professional Schools
Makati City
Philippines

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