Valuing Food Store Access: Policy Implications for the Food Stamp Program
Posted: 11 Apr 2003
Food stamp recipients may lack access to larger stores, reducing the availability of nutritious food. Reliance on smaller stores may have undesirable impacts. Policy alternatives include limiting food stamp redemption to larger stores and subsidizing store development. I estimate that limiting redemption to supermarkets and grocery stores, or supermarkets alone, results in losses ranging from $499.2 million to $1.05 billion, or $1.17 billion to $2.44 billion (respectively) annual loss in food stamp recipient welfare nationwide. The impact of improving access is also significant, ranging from $333.6 million to $931.2 million.
Keywords: Choice Sets, Discrete Choice Model, Electronic Benefit Transfer, Food Stamps, Truncated Poisson Model, Welfare Measures
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