외국인력 생산성 제고 방안―직업훈련 프로그램의 노동시장 성과 분석을 중심으로 (The Effects of Job Training on Labor Market Outcome of Immigrants in Korea)

29 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2021

See all articles by Hyejin Kim

Hyejin Kim

Bank of Korea - Economic Research Institute

Chulhee Lee

Seoul National University - School of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: January 13, 2021

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 본 연구는 2017년과 2019년 이민자 체류실태 및 고용조사 마이크로자료를 이용한 성향점수매칭(propensity score matching) 분석을 통해 직업훈련 프로그램이 외국인들의 노동시장 성과에 미친 효과를 연구하였다.

분석 결과, 직업훈련은 평균적으로 외국인들의 고용률을 6.4%p 높였으며 임금을 상승시키는 효과도 있었다. 특히, 임금상승효과는 취업비자와 정주비자 소지자 외국인에게 강하게 나타났다.

이러한 결과는 외국인에 대한 직업훈련 프로그램 제공이 국내 노동시장 수요에 부합하는 인적자본을 가진 외국인력을 확보하는 중요한 수단의 하나로 활용될 수 있음을 시사한다.


English Abstract: Using the 2017 and 2019 Survey on Immigrants' Living Conditions and Labour Force, we examine how the job training programs in Korea affect immigrants’ labor market outcomes by applying the propensity score matching method.

The results show that job training programs increase the probability of being employed by 6.4 percentage points and have positive effects on monthly and hourly wages. The positive wage effects are stronger for immigrants with work visas and permanent residents.

These results imply that the job training program can be used as an important means to secure immigrants with human capital which meets the demand of the Korean labor market.

Note: Downloadable document in Korean.

Keywords: Immigrants, Job Training Program, Propensity Score Matching

JEL Classification: J15, J18

Suggested Citation

Kim, Hyejin and Lee, Chulhee, 외국인력 생산성 제고 방안―직업훈련 프로그램의 노동시장 성과 분석을 중심으로 (The Effects of Job Training on Labor Market Outcome of Immigrants in Korea) (January 13, 2021). Bank of Korea WP 2021-1, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3765242 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3765242

Hyejin Kim (Contact Author)

Bank of Korea - Economic Research Institute ( email )

110, 3-Ga, Namdaemunno, Jung-Gu
Seoul 100-794
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Chulhee Lee

Seoul National University - School of Economics ( email )

San 56-1, Silim-dong, Kwanak-ku
Seoul 151-742
Korea

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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