Global Value Chain Participation and Exchange Rate Pass-Through

52 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2021

See all articles by Georgios Georgiadis

Georgios Georgiadis

European Central Bank (ECB)

Johannes Gräb

European Central Bank (ECB)

Makram Khalil

Deutsche Bundesbank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2020

Abstract

This paper draws a causal link between the rise of global value chain participation (GVCP) and the decline of exchange rate pass-through (ERPT) to import prices over the last decades. We first illustrate in a structural two-country model how greater GVCP can reduce ERPT to import prices. In the model, the sensitivity of an economy's home-currency production costs to exchange rate changes rises as it exhibits greater GVCP by importing a larger share of its intermediate inputs. The increased sensitivity of the economy's home-currency production costs to exchange rate changes translates into a higher sensitivity of its home-currency export prices. The latter implies a reduction of the sensitivity of the economy's foreign-currency export prices - i.e. its trading partner's home-currency import prices - to exchange rate changes. Hence, an increase in the economy's GVCP implies a fall in its trading partner's ERPT to import prices. We then estimate instrumental variable regressions using adopted trade agreements as instruments for economies' GVCP in a cross-country panel dataset for the time period from 1995 to 2014. Consistent with the mechanism spelled out in the theoretical model, we find that ERPT to export prices has been higher in economies which exhibit greater GVCP, and that ERPT to import prices has been lower in economies whose trading partners exhibit greater GVCP.

JEL Classification: F32, F41, F62

Suggested Citation

Georgiadis, Georgios and Grab, Johannes and Khalil, Makram, Global Value Chain Participation and Exchange Rate Pass-Through (2020). Deutsche Bundesbank Discussion Paper No. 67/2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3767294

Georgios Georgiadis (Contact Author)

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Johannes Grab

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Makram Khalil

Deutsche Bundesbank ( email )

Wilhelm-Epstein-Str. 14
Frankfurt/Main, 60431
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
14
Abstract Views
95
PlumX Metrics