Industry 4.0 - The Future of Austrian Jobs

Haiss, P., Mahlberg, B. & Michlits, D. Industry 4.0–the future of Austrian jobs. Empirica (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10663-020-09497-z

Posted: 12 Mar 2021

See all articles by Peter R. Haiss

Peter R. Haiss

WU Vienna University of Economics and Business; UniCredit Bank Austria; IES Vienna - Institute for the International Education of Students

Bernhard Mahlberg

Vienna University of Economics and Business - Institute for Production Management; Institute for Industrial Research

Daniel Michlits

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 3, 2021

Abstract

What are the socio-economic effects of the widespread introduction of robots, algorithms and digital technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning? Following Frey and Osborne (London futures agiletown: the relentless march of technology and London’s response. Deloitte, 2014; The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?, Technol Forecast Social Change 114(C), 254–280, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.08.019) we apply the computerization probabilities to occupations in Austria. We conclude that about 40% of the Austrian workforce is active in occupations that are very likely to undergo substantial changes regarding task structure, skill requirement and working environment in the future, causing challenges and opportunities. We also provide evidence that compared to men, women in Austria seem more likely to be affected by technological changes, with sectoral orientation playing a role. Following EBRD (Skills, employment and automation. Chapter 2 in: EBRD (2018): Transition Report 2018–19, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, London, 2018),we see a broader move towards job polarization. We see this as distributive consequences of technological change and argue that the consequences of technology refashioning socio-economic development are influencing market processes, actors and inequalities. As in previous technological advances, coping with these changes will require efforts on the individual as well as on the political level.

Keywords: Computerization, Technological change, Labor demand, Skill demand

JEL Classification: J21, J23, J24, J62, O33

Suggested Citation

Haiss, Peter R. and Mahlberg, Bernhard and Michlits, Daniel, Industry 4.0 - The Future of Austrian Jobs (January 3, 2021). Haiss, P., Mahlberg, B. & Michlits, D. Industry 4.0–the future of Austrian jobs. Empirica (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10663-020-09497-z, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3768365

Peter R. Haiss

WU Vienna University of Economics and Business ( email )

Institute for Production Management
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UniCredit Bank Austria ( email )

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IES Vienna - Institute for the International Education of Students

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Bernhard Mahlberg (Contact Author)

Vienna University of Economics and Business - Institute for Production Management ( email )

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Vienna, Wien 1020
Austria

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.wu.ac.at/en/prodmanengl/

Institute for Industrial Research ( email )

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Vienna, 1050
Austria

HOME PAGE: http://https://iwi.ac.at/

Daniel Michlits

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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