Do Non-cognitive Skills Matter for Alcohol Consumption? Evidence from Russia

32 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2021

See all articles by Ksenia Rozhkova

Ksenia Rozhkova

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Sergey Roshchin

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Yana Roshchina

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: January 18, 2021

Abstract

Economic and sociological research that touches upon the determinants of alcohol consumption is mostly centered on the traditional factors of human capital (e.g., education). While much attention is given to education as a valid instrument to reduce alcohol misuse, less is given to the impact of non-cognitive skills. Data are collected from a nationally representative Russian panel survey, 2016–2018. We estimate a random-effects probit model for the probability of abstinence and a random-effects tobit model with a Heckman correction for the volume of alcohol consumption. Non-cognitive skills are consistent predictors of drinking in Russia. In both genders, conscientiousness and extraversion have strong connections to the probability and the volume of alcohol consumption, while openness to experience and neuroticism only affect the volume. The estimates for education differ substantially when the Big Five variables are excluded from the model, which suggests that a major part of the effect of education on alcohol consumption patterns may be mediated through non-cognitive skills. Although educational interventions are often seen as a method of solving excessive drinking problems, introducing personality traits into the analysis raises the question of the effectiveness of such interventions.

Keywords: alcohol consumption, non-cognitive skills, personality, Russia

JEL Classification: I12, I24, Z13

Suggested Citation

Rozhkova, Ksenia and Roshchin, Sergey and Roshchina, Yana, Do Non-cognitive Skills Matter for Alcohol Consumption? Evidence from Russia (January 18, 2021). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 242/EC/2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3768528 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3768528

Ksenia Rozhkova (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Sergey Roshchin

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Yana Roshchina

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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