Directed Technical Change in Labor and Environmental Economics
45 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Date Written: January 21, 2021
It is increasingly evident that the direction of technological responds to economic incentives. We review the literature on directed technical change in the context of environmental economics and labor economics, and show that these fields have much in common both theoretically and empirically. We emphasize the importance of a balanced growth path. We show that the lack of such a path is closely related to the slow development of green technologies in environmental economics and growing inequality in labor economics. We discuss whether the direction of innovation is efficient.
Keywords: Endogenous growth, automation, directed technical change, climate change, income inequality.
JEL Classification: O31, O33, O41, O44, E25, J24, Q55.
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