COVID-19, IP and Access: Will the Current System of Medical Innovation and Access to Medicines Meet Global Expectations?
Forthcoming in the Journal of Generic Medicines
12 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2021
Date Written: January 23, 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the fundamental flaws in the current system of medical innovation and access to medicines, which require urgent attention from the global community. This is prompted by the experience of the past decades, which has proven that this system was ineffective in securing adequate access to medicines for all. The understanding of the deficiencies of the existing system is crucial today, as it may help to design effective approaches for improving access. This article will also consider mechanisms that may be implemented by governments for the protection of public health. These include short-term mechanisms, such as compulsory licensing and government use, as well as the long-term design of a new innovation model, including state-coordinated research of medicines and open innovation. The current system should be reconsidered to ensure the prompt development of COVID-19 therapy accessible to everyone and full preparedness for the pandemics of the future.
Keywords: COVID-19, patents, access to medicines, affordable medicines, compulsory licensing, open innovation
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