Mental Health during a COVID-19 Lockdown Over the Christmas Period in Austria

17 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2021

See all articles by Rachel Dale

Rachel Dale

Danube University Krems

Sanja Budimir

Danube University Krems, Department for Psychotherapy and Biopsychosocial Health; Ghent University,Department of Work, Organisation and Society

Thomas Probst

Danube University Krems

Peter Stippl

ÖBVP

Christoph Pieh

Danube University Krems

Date Written: January 26, 2021

Abstract

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic a decline in mental health has been reported across a range of countries and demographic groups. This study aimed to assess the mental health of a representative sample in Austria over the Christmas holiday period, during which a second lockdown was taking place. We surveyed 1505 participants through Qualtrics between 23rd December 2020 and 4th January 2021 and measured levels of depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), sleep quality (ISI), well-being (WHO-5), quality of life (WHO-QOL) and stress (PSS-10). 26% of participants scored above the cut-off for moderate depressive symptoms, 23% above the cut-off for moderate anxiety and 18% above the cut-off for insomnia. Additionally, we observed relatively poor well-being and quality of life as compared to both the first lockdown earlier in 2020 and pre-pandemic data. Further analyses indicate these findings were especially apparent for the under 24-year-olds, women, single/separated people, low incomes and those who do not partake in any physical activity (all p-values <0.05). We highlight the need for ongoing mental health support, particularly to the most burdened groups.

Keywords: Mental health, depression, anxiety, insomnia, COVID-19

Suggested Citation

Dale, Rachel and Budimir, Sanja and Probst, Thomas and Stippl, Peter and Pieh, Christoph, Mental Health during a COVID-19 Lockdown Over the Christmas Period in Austria (January 26, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3773439 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3773439

Rachel Dale

Danube University Krems ( email )

Sanja Budimir

Danube University Krems, Department for Psychotherapy and Biopsychosocial Health ( email )

Austria

Ghent University,Department of Work, Organisation and Society ( email )

Henri Dunantlaan 2
Gent, 9000
Belgium

Thomas Probst

Danube University Krems ( email )

Austria

Peter Stippl

ÖBVP ( email )

Christoph Pieh (Contact Author)

Danube University Krems ( email )

Austria

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