Income Inequality and Mortality: A Norwegian Perspective

37 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2021

See all articles by Aline Butikofer

Aline Butikofer

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

René Karadakic

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: January 25, 2021

Abstract

While Norway has experienced income growth accompanied by a large decline in mortality during the past several decades, little is known about the distribution of these improvements in longevity across the income distribution. Using municipality level income and mortality data, we show that the stark income gradient in infant mortality across municipalities in the 1950s mostly closed in the late 1960s. However, the income gradient in mortality for older age categories across municipalities persisted until 2010 and only flattened thereafter. Further, the infant mortality gap between rich and poor Norwegian families based on individual-level data persisted several decades longer than the gap between rich and poor municipalities and only finally closed in the early 21st century.

Keywords: Mortality; Income inequality

JEL Classification: I00

Suggested Citation

Butikofer, Aline and Karadakic, René and Salvanes, Kjell G., Income Inequality and Mortality: A Norwegian Perspective (January 25, 2021). NHH Dept. of Economics Discussion Paper No. 04/2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3774001 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3774001

Aline Butikofer (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

René Karadakic

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.nhh.no/en/employees/faculty/rene-karadakic/

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway
+47 5 595 9315 (Phone)
+47 5 595 9543 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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