Career Paths in Online Labor Markets: Same, Same but Different?

44 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2021

See all articles by Mareike Seifried

Mareike Seifried

ZEW ā€“ Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich - Faculty of Business Administration (Munich School of Management)

Roman Jurowetzki

Aalborg University - IKE Research Group

Tobias Kretschmer

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Faculty of Business Administration (Munich School of Management); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: 2020

Abstract

The emergence of online labor markets calls the validity of traditional career models into question. Given the volatility and digital nature of this environment, short-term employment relationships and heterogeneity of workers, employers and tasks in these markets, it is unclear how careers might unfold ā€“ whether they are largely random and accidental or whether there are distinct trajectories and patterns in online careers. We document dominant career paths and develop a taxonomy of novel career patterns in OLMs. This addresses recent calls for research to update and refine our theories and understanding of careers (Rahman et al., 2016). We adopt a quantitative-inductive approach to describe workersā€™ careers in terms of their task and skill specialization. This helps us understand the different types of careers on a continuum between more stable and random, unsystematic careers. Our results provide an innovative way of thinking about career development in OLMs and open up several fruitful areas of future research.

Keywords: online labor markets, platforms, gig economy, career theory, freelancing, labor specialization, human capital

JEL Classification: J24, J44, O30

Suggested Citation

Seifried, Mareike and Jurowetzki, Roman and Kretschmer, Tobias, Career Paths in Online Labor Markets: Same, Same but Different? (2020). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 20-090, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3774773 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3774773

Mareike Seifried (Contact Author)

ZEW ā€“ Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich - Faculty of Business Administration (Munich School of Management) ( email )

Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, DE Bavaria 80539
Germany

Roman Jurowetzki

Aalborg University - IKE Research Group ( email )

Aalborg University
Fibigerstraede 4
Aalborg East, DK-9220
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://personprofil.aau.dk/125497

Tobias Kretschmer

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Faculty of Business Administration (Munich School of Management) ( email )

Kaulbachstr. 45
Munich, DE 80539
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

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