Governing ID: Principles of Evaluation

Centre for Internet & Society, Digital Identities Project 2020

30 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2021

See all articles by Vrinda Bhandari

Vrinda Bhandari

Independent

Shruti Trikanad

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Amber Sinha

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 1, 2020

Abstract

As governments across the globe implement new and foundational digital identification systems (Digital ID), or modernize existing ID programs, there is an urgent need for more research and discussion about appropriate uses of Digital ID systems. Using examples from India, Kenya, Estonia, and Jamaica, this framework provides tests, which can be used to evaluate the governance of Digital ID across jurisdictions, as well as determine whether a particular use of Digital ID is legitimate. Through three kinds of checks - Rule of Law tests, Rights based tests, and Risks based tests - this scheme is a ready guide for evaluation of Digital ID.

Keywords: digital identity, Aadhaar, Huduma, Huduma Namba, good governance, regulatory theory, welfare, biometric, Kenya, India, Estonia, authentication, rule of law, rights, risk

JEL Classification: K1, Z18, I3, I31, I38

Suggested Citation

Bhandari, Vrinda and Trikanad, Shruti and Sinha, Amber, Governing ID: Principles of Evaluation (March 1, 2020). Centre for Internet & Society, Digital Identities Project 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3774917

Shruti Trikanad

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Amber Sinha

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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