Cryptocurrency and Stock Markets: Complements or Substitutes? Evidence from Gulf countries
Sami M., & Abdallah W. (2020). Cryptocurrency and Stock Market: Complements or Substitutes?. Applied Finance Letters, 9, 25-35. https://doi.org/10.24135/afl.v9i0.214
11 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2021
Date Written: April 21, 2020
The main goal of this study is to examine whether the cryptocurrency market impacts the stock market returns in the Gulf countries. Understanding this impact is quite interesting to clarify whether the cryptocurrency market and the stock market are substitutes or complements for investors. The author compiles the data on the stock market of the Gulf countries with the cryptocurrency data on a daily basis over the period 2014-2019. Generalized Method of Moments with Instrumental Variable (IV - GMM) approach has been implemented as the main strategy to fulfill the objective of the paper. The results of this paper show that the Stock market and the cryptocurrency market are substitutes for investors in Gulf countries. In fact, each 10 percent increase in the cryptocurrency returns is associated with a decline in the stock market returns by 0.17 percent. The cryptocurrency market hampers the stock market indices in the Gulf countries. Having agreed upon in the literature that the stock market is affected by fundamental factors, market sentiment, technical factors, and anomalies, this study offers robust evidence that cryptocurrency should be introduced as one of the main determinants of stock market prices and returns.
Keywords: Cryptocurrency, Stock Market, Substitutes
JEL Classification: N2, E44, P33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation