Virtual Learning During The COVID-19 Pandemic, A Disruptive Technology In Higher Education In Indonesia

8 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2021

See all articles by Cipta Pramana

Cipta Pramana

Tarumanagara University

Ratna Susanti

Polytechnic Indonusa Surakarta

Qristin Violinda

University of PGRI Semarang

Fransina Yoteni

STFT GKI Izaak Samuel Kijne

Emmilia Rusdiana

Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Yohannes Johny Natu Prihanto

Multimedia Nusantara University

Reza Yuridin Purwoko

Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia

Nur Rahmah

FKIP Universitas Tadulako

Hasnawati

Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol

Fakhrurrazi

Samudra University

Okma Yendri

Universitas Musi Rawas

Fajeri Arkiang

Islamic Higher Education Kupang

Rahmah Purwahida

Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Haimah

University Prof. Dr. Hazarin SH. Bengkulu

Date Written: February 2, 2021

Abstract

Purpose. This study aims to determine the problems faced by universities in Indonesia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. And also, to identify the most widely used learning platforms, the constraints and to profer solutions to them.

Methodology. The qualitative-descriptive methodology used was NVivo 12 software. Furthermore, the purposive sampling technique was utilized, consisting of 40 universities in Indonesia with 200 participants. The data were collected through Focus Group Discussions, conducted virtually on Zoom and Google Meet. The questions ranged from the experiences of the lecturers while using the online teaching programs, to the types of platform used, the challenges faced, and the solutions provided.

Results. The data were obtained from 16 online learning media platforms, namely Whatsapp, Zoom, Google Meets, Edmodo, Google Classroom, Video Call. Email, E-learning, Webex, Facebook, Schoology, Padlet, Microsoft Team, Moodle, Blog, and Youtube. The most used platform was WhatsApp with 51 users, I.e., 25.5%, followed by Zoom meeting 44 (22.0%), Google Classroom 29 (1.5%), Google Meets 28 (14.0%). Email 18 (9.0%), E-learning 12 (6.0%), Youtube 4 (2.0%), Microsoft Teams 3 (1.5%), Facebook, Voice / Video Call, Webex with 1.0% each, and Blog, Edmodo, Moodle Padlet had 0.5% each . The problems encountered were an unstable signal, limited data quota, and weak internet connection.

Conclusion: The biggest online learning platform during the pandemic was Whatsapp because it was the easiest to access and operate. The problem most faced was an unstable signal, especially in mountainous areas. The solution to this, is that the government needs to ensure that students have access to the best teaching and learning, fast internet, and increase the network to villages. Moreover, they should also establish good cooperation between the central and local government,and provide human resources for virtual learning.

Keywords: Virtual learning, COVID-19 pandemic, E-learning platform, Disruptive technology, Higher education

Suggested Citation

Pramana, Cipta and Susanti, Ratna and Violinda, Qristin and Yoteni, Fransina and Rusdiana, Emmilia and Prihanto, Yohannes Johny Natu and Purwoko, Reza Yuridin and Rahmah, Nur and Hasnawati and Fakhrurrazi and Yendri, Okma and Arkiang, Fajeri and Purwahida, Rahmah and Haimah, Virtual Learning During The COVID-19 Pandemic, A Disruptive Technology In Higher Education In Indonesia (February 2, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3777691 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3777691

Cipta Pramana (Contact Author)

Tarumanagara University ( email )

Jl. Letjen S. Parman No.1
Jl. Tanjung Duren Utara No. 1
Jakarta, IN DKI Jakarta 11470
Indonesia

Ratna Susanti

Polytechnic Indonusa Surakarta ( email )

Indonesia

Qristin Violinda

University of PGRI Semarang ( email )

Jalan Sidodadi Timur Nomor 24 - Dr. Cipto, Karangt
Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah
Indonesia

Fransina Yoteni

STFT GKI Izaak Samuel Kijne ( email )

Indonesia

Emmilia Rusdiana

Universitas Negeri Surabaya ( email )

Yohannes Johny Natu Prihanto

Multimedia Nusantara University ( email )

BNI Building - Jl. Sudirman
Jakarta, Jakarta
Indonesia

Reza Yuridin Purwoko

Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia ( email )

Kawasan IPSC, Sentul
Bogor, 16810
Indonesia

Nur Rahmah

FKIP Universitas Tadulako ( email )

Indonesia

Hasnawati

Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol ( email )

Indonesia

Fakhrurrazi

Samudra University ( email )

Indonesia

Okma Yendri

Universitas Musi Rawas ( email )

Indonesia

Fajeri Arkiang

Islamic Higher Education Kupang ( email )

Indonesia

Rahmah Purwahida

Universitas Negeri Jakarta ( email )

Jakarta, DKI Jakarta
Indonesia

Haimah

University Prof. Dr. Hazarin SH. Bengkulu ( email )

Indonesia

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