A Mega-Study of Text-Message Nudges Encouraging Patients to Get Vaccinated at their Pharmacy
30 Pages Posted: 19 Feb 2021 Last revised: 24 May 2021
Date Written: February 5, 2021
We partnered with Walmart to test 22 nudges designed to boost vaccination rates in their pharmacies. Nudges were delivered via text message to over 650,000 Walmart pharmacy patients in the fall of 2020 and encouraged patients to visit Walmart for a flu vaccine. We demonstrate that behaviorally informed messages increase pharmacy vaccination rates by an average of 6.7% over a roughly three-month follow-up period. The most effective messages in our field experiment matched the tone of typical pharmacy communications and reminded patients that a flu shot was waiting for them. These insights suggest that carefully crafted messages informed by the results of this study could nudge the adoption of other vaccines for other infectious diseases, including COVID-19.
Keywords: vaccination, COVID-19, nudge, influenza, field experiment
JEL Classification: I12
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