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Myopia Progression in Children During COVID-19 Home Confinement in Argentina

14 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2021

See all articles by Carolina Picotti

Carolina Picotti

Pasteur Regional Hospital

Victoria Sanchez

Lisandro de la Torre Medical Center

Leonardo Fernandez Irigaray

Dr. Nano Eye Clinic

Ian G. Morgan

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Biology

Rafael Iribarren

Drs. Iribarren Eye Consultants

More...

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether the progression of myopia in children is faster during school closures and home confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: This was a case series study collecting retrospective data of refractive error during 2019 and 2020 in consecutive myopic patients attending regular checkups for their spectacle prescription. Inclusion criteria were spherical equivalent between -0·50 and -6·00 diopters (5-18 years of age) consulting from September to December 2020. Patients receiving any treatment for arresting myopia progression were excluded. Cycloplegic spherical equivalent in both eyes was recorded for 2018, 2019 and 2020. Mean progression over the two periods 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 was calculated.

Results: At the 2020 visit after confinement, mean age of the 115 enrolled patients was 11·89 ± 3·68 years and 60·0% were girls. The mean annualized progression for the right eyes in 2019 was 0·44±0·52 D and increased to 0·58±0·53 D in 2020 during the period that included home confinement (p = 0·0019).        

Conclusion: Mean annual progression rates during strict pandemic home confinement was faster than in the previous year, in contrast to the general slowing of progression as children get older.

Funding Statement: None.

Declaration of Interests: None of the authors have any proprietary interests or conflicts of interest related to this submission.

Ethics Approval Statement: The Ethics Committee of the Argentinian Council of Ophthalmology gave approval for this study.

Keywords: Myopia progression, COVID-19, pandemic, confinement, school children

Suggested Citation

Picotti, Carolina and Sanchez, Victoria and Fernandez Irigaray, Leonardo and Morgan, Ian G. and Iribarren, Rafael, Myopia Progression in Children During COVID-19 Home Confinement in Argentina. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3781660 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3781660

Carolina Picotti

Pasteur Regional Hospital ( email )

Victoria Sanchez

Lisandro de la Torre Medical Center

Leonardo Fernandez Irigaray

Dr. Nano Eye Clinic ( email )

Ian G. Morgan

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Biology ( email )

Canberrra
Australia

Rafael Iribarren (Contact Author)

Drs. Iribarren Eye Consultants ( email )

Argentina

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