The Political Misrepresentation of Immigrants in the Census

40 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2021 Last revised: 2 Nov 2021

Date Written: February 9, 2021


Who is a member of the political community? What barriers to inclusion do immigrants face as outsiders to this political community? This article describes several barriers facing immigrants that impede their political belonging. It critiques these barriers not on the basis of immigrants’ rights, but based on their rights as current and future members of the political community. This is the second of two essays. The first essay focuses on voting restrictions impacting Asian American and Latino voters. The second essay focuses on challenges to including immigrants, Asian Americans, and Latinos in the 2020 census. The essays critique the exclusion of immigrants from the political community because it compromises representational equality.

Keywords: Voting, census, politics, immigration, equality, race

Suggested Citation

Chen, Ming Hsu, The Political Misrepresentation of Immigrants in the Census (February 9, 2021). 96 New York University Law Review 901 (2021), U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-18, Available at SSRN:

Ming Hsu Chen (Contact Author)

UC Law, San Francisco ( email )

200 McAllister Street
San Francisco, CA 94102
United States

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