Immigration History and Cognitive Function in Elderly US Hispanics

23 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2021

See all articles by Jiali Ma

Jiali Ma

Howard University

Temitayo Ogundipe

Howard University - Howard University Hospital

James Ma

Georgetown University

Richard Gillum

Howard University

Date Written: February 12, 2021

Abstract

Background and Objectives. Few reports have examined the Hispanic Paradox with regard to cognitive function, most of which have led to inconclusive results. This study tested the null hypothesis that foreign-born and US-born Hispanics over age 60 have the same scores on cognitive function tests.
Research Design and Methods. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey assessed cognitive functioning in 588 Hispanic participants aged 60 years and older in 2011 - 2014. The Digit Symbol Substitution test (DSST), CERAD Word Learning test and Animal Fluency Test (AFT) were administered.
Results. Linear multiple regression analysis showed significantly lower test scores among foreign-born than US-born women for DSST and AFT and men for DSST independent of confounding variables. There was no significant difference in CERAD scores.
Conclusion. Foreign-born Hispanic women aged 60 and over had lower scores than the US-born on two of three tests of cognitive function.

Keywords: Cognition, Aged, Emigrants and Immigrants, Health Surveys, Hispanic, Socioeconomic Factors, Neuropsychological Tests

Suggested Citation

Ma, Jiali and Ogundipe, Temitayo and Ma, James and Gillum, Richard, Immigration History and Cognitive Function in Elderly US Hispanics (February 12, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3784349 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3784349

Jiali Ma (Contact Author)

Howard University ( email )

2400 Sixth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20059
United States

Temitayo Ogundipe

Howard University - Howard University Hospital ( email )

2041 Georgia Avenue
Washington, DC 20060
United States

James Ma

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States

Richard Gillum

Howard University ( email )

2900 Van Ness Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20008
United States

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