Investor Monitoring, Money-Likeness and Stability of Money Market Funds

57 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2021 Last revised: 20 Feb 2021

See all articles by Maija Järvenpää

Maija Järvenpää

Aalto University - Department of Finance

Aleksi Paavola

Bank of Finland; Aalto University - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 12, 2021

Abstract

An asset is money-like if investors have no incentives to acquire costly private information on the underlying collateral. However, privately provided money-like assets—like prime money market fund (MMF) shares—are prone to runs if investors suddenly start to question the value of the collateral. Therefore, for risky assets, lack of money-likeness is a necessary condition for lack of run incentives. But is it a sufficient one? This paper studies the effect of the U.S. money market fund reform of 2014–2016 on investor monitoring, money-likeness and stability of institutional prime MMFs. Using the number of distinct IP addresses accessing MMFs’ regulatory reports as a proxy for investor monitoring, we find that the reform increased monitoring and thus decreased money-likeness of institutional prime funds. However, we also show that after the reform, institutional prime funds that are more likely to impose the newly introduced redemption restrictions are more monitored, suggesting that investors may monitor in order to avoid being hit by the restrictions. Overall, our results indicate that increased monitoring, or decreased money-likeness, has not made institutional prime MMFs run-free, and it may have actually created a new source of fragility for MMFs.

JEL Classification: G01, G23, G28

Suggested Citation

Järvenpää, Maija and Paavola, Aleksi, Investor Monitoring, Money-Likeness and Stability of Money Market Funds (February 12, 2021). Bank of Finland Research Discussion Paper No. 2/2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3784416

Maija Järvenpää (Contact Author)

Aalto University - Department of Finance ( email )

Finland

Aleksi Paavola

Bank of Finland ( email )

P.O. Box 160
Helsinki 00101
Finland

Aalto University - Department of Economics ( email )

PO Box 1210
FI-00101 Helsinki
Finland

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