Ensuring the Visibility and Accessibility of European Creative Content on the World Market - The Need for Copyright Data Improvement in the Light of New Technologies and the Opportunity Arising from Article 17 of the CDSM Directive

25 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2021 Last revised: 30 Sep 2021

See all articles by Martin Senftleben

Martin Senftleben

Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam; University of Amsterdam

Thomas Margoni

Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP), Faculty of Law - KU Leuven; University of Glasgow - School of Law - CREATe

Daniel Antal

Reprex

Balázs Bodó

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR)

Stef van Gompel

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR)

Christian Handke

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Faculty of History and Arts

Martin Kretschmer

University of Glasgow - School of Law

Joost Poort

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR)

João Quintais

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR)

Sebastian Felix Schwemer

University of Copenhagen, Centre for Information and Innovation Law (CIIR); University of Oslo, Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law (NRCCL)

Date Written: February 12, 2021

Abstract

In the European Strategy for Data, the European Commission highlighted the EU’s ambition to acquire a leading role in the data economy. At the same time, the Commission conceded that the EU would have to increase its pools of quality data available for use and re-use. In the creative industries, this need for enhanced data quality and interoperability is particularly strong. Without data improvement, unprecedented opportunities for monetising the wide variety of EU creative content and making this content available for new technologies, such as artificial intelligence training systems, will most probably be lost. The problem has a worldwide dimension. While the US have already taken steps to provide an integrated data space for music as of 1 January 2021, the EU is facing major obstacles not only in the field of music but also in other creative industry sectors. Weighing costs and benefits, there can be little doubt that new data improvement initiatives and sufficient investment in a better copyright data infrastructure should play a central role in EU copyright policy. Creating a work-related data flow from copyright owners to online content platforms, Article 17 of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market could play a central role in this respect. Tapping into this data flow, it becomes possible to establish an EU copyright data repository offering more comprehensive, accurate and interoperable information on works and rightholders than existing data silos.

Keywords: copyright, metadata, artificial intelligence, creative industry, collective licensing, content moderation, recommender systems, digital services act, interoperability, transparency, trustworthy AI, cultural diversity, SME, market failure, market concentration, Music Modernization Act

Suggested Citation

Senftleben, Martin and Margoni, Thomas and Antal, Daniel and Bodó, Balázs and Gompel, Stef van and Handke, Christian and Kretschmer, Martin and Poort, Joost and Quintais, João and Schwemer, Sebastian Felix, Ensuring the Visibility and Accessibility of European Creative Content on the World Market - The Need for Copyright Data Improvement in the Light of New Technologies and the Opportunity Arising from Article 17 of the CDSM Directive (February 12, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3785272 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3785272

Martin Senftleben (Contact Author)

Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam ( email )

Rokin 84
Amsterdam, 1012 KX
Netherlands

University of Amsterdam ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
Amsterdam, NE 1018 WB
Netherlands

Thomas Margoni

Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP), Faculty of Law - KU Leuven ( email )

Brussels
Belgium

University of Glasgow - School of Law - CREATe ( email )

Scotland
United Kingdom

Daniel Antal

Reprex ( email )

Den Haag, Zuid-Holland 2592TA

HOME PAGE: http://reprex.nl/

Balázs Bodó

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR) ( email )

Rokin 84
Amsterdam, 1012 KX
Netherlands

Stef van Gompel

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR) ( email )

Kloveniersburgwal 48
Amsterdam, 1012 CX
Netherlands

Christian Handke

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Faculty of History and Arts ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
Rotterdam NL-3000 DR
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.eshcc.eur.nl/handke/

Martin Kretschmer

University of Glasgow - School of Law ( email )

CREATe, School of Law
10 The Square
Glasgow, G12 8QQ
United Kingdom

Joost Poort

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR) ( email )

Rokin 84
Amsterdam, 1012 KX
Netherlands

João Quintais

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR) ( email )

Rokin 84
Amsterdam, 1012 KX
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.ivir.nl/nl/medewerker/quintais/

Sebastian Felix Schwemer

University of Copenhagen, Centre for Information and Innovation Law (CIIR) ( email )

Karen Blixens Plads 16
Copenhagen, 2300
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://www.ciir.dk

University of Oslo, Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law (NRCCL)

St. Olavsplass 5
Oslo, Oslo 0130
Norway

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