Do Regulations Matter in Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic? Lessons from Poland

23 Pages Posted: 17 Feb 2021

See all articles by Lukasz Gruszczynski

Lukasz Gruszczynski

Kozminski University - School of Law; Hungarian Academy of Sciences CSS Institute for Legal Studies

Mateusz Zatoński

University of Bath - Department for Health; Institute - European Observatory of Health Inequalities, Calisia University

Martin McKee

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine - Department of Public Health

Date Written: January 27, 2021

Abstract

In this article we argue that the design and timing of regulatory responses, as well as the adherence of the population to the relevant rules, have a critical impact on the progression and public health consequences of the pandemic. This hypothesis is empirically tested using the example of Poland, a country which experienced, compared to its Western European neighbours, relatively mild first phase of the pandemic. In this context, we compare Poland with selected Western European countries, including France, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and supplement them by examples from other Visegrad Four (V4) countries – Czechia, Slovakia, and Hungary. On that basis, we conclude that while the observed differences between the countries in the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic are the result of a multitude of complex and interrelated reasons (such as demographic structure, population density and connectivity or cultural factors), well-designed public health measures, which are implemented early as a part of the proactive strategy that anticipates and reacts quickly to changing circumstances can effectively decrease number of COVID-19 infections and related deaths, provided that adherence of a relevant population is high.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic and regulations, public health measures, public health policy, adherence, pandemic in the CEE

JEL Classification: I18, K32

Suggested Citation

Gruszczynski, Lukasz and Zatoński, Mateusz and McKee, Martin, Do Regulations Matter in Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic? Lessons from Poland (January 27, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3786076 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3786076

Lukasz Gruszczynski (Contact Author)

Kozminski University - School of Law ( email )

Jagiellonska 57-59 ST
Warsaw, 03-301
Poland

Hungarian Academy of Sciences CSS Institute for Legal Studies ( email )

Tóth Kálmán st. 4
Budapest, 1097
Hungary

HOME PAGE: http://https://jog.tk.mta.hu/en/

Mateusz Zatoński

University of Bath - Department for Health ( email )

Claverton Down
Bath, BA2 7AY
United Kingdom

Institute - European Observatory of Health Inequalities, Calisia University ( email )

Nowy Świat 4
Kalisz, 62-800
Poland

Martin McKee

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine - Department of Public Health ( email )

Keppel Street
Health Services Research Unit Professor of European Public Health
London WC1E 7HT
United Kingdom
+44 20 7-927 2229 (Phone)
+44 20 7-580 8183 (Fax)

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