Big Tech Platform Acquisitions of Start-ups and Venture Capital Funding for Innovation
Prado, T. S., & Bauer, J. M. (2022). Big Tech Platform Acquisitions of Start-ups and Venture Capital Funding for Innovation. Information Economics and Policy, 100973. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infoecopol.2022.100973
63 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last revised: 17 May 2022
Date Written: March 25, 2022
This paper investigates the effects of “big tech” platform acquisitions on venture capital (VC) funding for start-ups. We analyze observations of more than 32,000 venture capital deals in 173 different segments of the technology industry and 392 tech start-up acquisitions made worldwide between 2010 and 2020 by Google, Facebook, Amazon, Apple, and Microsoft. Results obtained with fixed effects panel and differences-in-differences estimators reveal a positive, statistically significant, average effect of big tech start-up acquisitions on worldwide, venture capital activity. Positive effects were also found for the United States and Europe. However, the findings suggest that the effects are transient and fade away after several quarters. Because venture capitalists fund start-ups to enable entrepreneurial innovation, this approach also informs our understanding of the repercussions of these acquisitions on the start-up innovation ecosystem. The large number of observations over an extended period unlocks insights into historical patterns that are relevant for the design of digital platform policies.
Keywords: digital platform, big tech, venture capital, start-up, innovation funding, kill zones
JEL Classification: G11, G24, G32, G34, L41, L44
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