Impact of the temperature of stars on their Redshift

5 Pages Posted: 23 Feb 2021

See all articles by Bahram Kalhor

Bahram Kalhor

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch

Farzaneh Mehrparvar

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch

Behnam Kalhor

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: February 10, 2021

Abstract

We report a positive correlation (0.914384) between the possibility of finding unexpected high Redshift (Z > 0.001) and the average temperature of nearby stars in different categories. The paper uses SIMBAD Astronomical Database for analyzing information of 58,916 nearby stars. The study shows that as the temperature of stars rises, the chance of finding stars with the unexpected high Redshift will be increased more than 43 times, especially around 10,000 K. The average temperature and average Redshift of 58,717 stars are equal to the 6,346 K and 9.73353E-05. On the other hand, the average temperature and average Redshift of 199 stars with high Redshift are equal to the 9,771 K and 0.453568. We cannot describe the high Redshift of all massive stars by gravitational Redshift because there are many supermassive objects with low Redshift. Hence, the relationship between the temperature and the unexpected high Redshift of stars questions expansion of space theory, gravitational Redshift, and the Hubble constant.

Keywords: Unexpected Redshift, Expansion of space, Temperature of star, Gravitational Redshift

Suggested Citation

Kalhor, Bahram and Mehrparvar, Farzaneh and Kalhor, Behnam, Impact of the temperature of stars on their Redshift (February 10, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3787913 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3787913

Bahram Kalhor (Contact Author)

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch ( email )

Iran

Farzaneh Mehrparvar

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch ( email )

Iran

Behnam Kalhor

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
9
Abstract Views
122
PlumX Metrics