Trends toward Isolationism and Expansionism in International Relations as a Complex System
40 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2021
Date Written: February 18, 2021
It is important to investigate international relations at the system level because the system is the outcome of interaction among all states and trends in this system come back to affect individual states. In this study, we clearly demonstrate that the system of international relations is a complex system. We also empirically measure international trends using the parameters (average degree, density, reciprocity, and transitivity) provided by network analysis. Using these network parameters, we examine trends toward isolationism and expansionism in the system of international relations. The results demonstrate that a trend toward isolationism is currently in progress in the economic network among states, and a trend toward expansionism is continuing in the political and military networks.
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