What Determines Child Immunisation? A Study of Socio-Economic Factors in East Sikkim

19 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2021

See all articles by Ruma Kundu

Ruma Kundu

Sikkim University

Srikanta Kundu

Centre for Development Studies (CDS) India

Indraneel Mandal

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: February 21, 2021

Abstract

Young children face the risk of being infected by a variety of diseases; this makes it necessary to resort to vaccination as a failsafe for ensuring healthy life of the child. However the success of the immunisation drive is conditioned by prevailing conditions. Some of these also determine whether family members opt for full, partial or no immunisation. This paper attempts to identify and estimate the impacts of various socio-economic factors on childhood immunisation coverage in the East district of Sikkim. The study is based on primary data consisting of 204 respondents collected through household survey. The ordered probit and Heckman probit models have been utilised to estimate the significant change in childhood immunisation coverage. The study found that the birth order of child (BOC), mother’s age, the standard of living, caste and religion have a significant impact on childhood immunisation coverage. With regard to the extent of immunisation, the important elements are mother’s education, mother’s age, gender of the household head and distance from hospital.

Keywords: Child Immunisation Coverage, Socio-Economic Conditions, Immunisation, Ordered Logit, Heckprobit, East Sikkim.

Suggested Citation

Kundu, Ruma and Kundu, Srikanta and Mandal, Indraneel, What Determines Child Immunisation? A Study of Socio-Economic Factors in East Sikkim (February 21, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3790024 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3790024

Ruma Kundu (Contact Author)

Sikkim University ( email )

6th Mile
Samdur, Tadong
Gangtok, SC 737102
India

Srikanta Kundu

Centre for Development Studies (CDS) India ( email )

Trivandrum 695 011, Kerala
India

Indraneel Mandal

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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