Valuing Personal Safety and the Gender Earnings Gap

51 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2021

See all articles by Oscar Becerra

Oscar Becerra

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

José-Alberto Guerra

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 25, 2021

Abstract

Are there gender differences in the willingness to pay (WTP) for safer jobs? Using a laboratory experiment, we elicit participants’ WTP for an early (perceived ‘safer’) on-site shift. We find that women forego larger earnings in order to secure an early shift more than men do, with a safety concern about the late shift being a key driver, explaining up to 20% of the estimated gender gap. We do not observe a gender gap if the job can be completed remotely. Results are robust to controlling for morning-types, household and demographic characteristics, attitudes toward risk and uncertainty, victimization, and information provision about crime. Controlling for crime exposure reduces the estimated gender gap. Thus, our results suggest that policies that reduce gender disparities in safety concerns may affect women’s labor supply.

Keywords: Safety concerns, willingness to pay, gender gaps, experiment

JEL Classification: J16, C92, D03

Suggested Citation

Becerra, Oscar and Guerra, José Alberto, Valuing Personal Safety and the Gender Earnings Gap (February 25, 2021). Documento CEDE No. 6, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3793887 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3793887

Oscar Becerra (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

José Alberto Guerra

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

HOME PAGE: http://jguerraforero.wixsite.com/joseaguerra

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