Valuing Personal Safety and the Gender Earnings Gap
51 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2021
Date Written: February 25, 2021
Are there gender differences in the willingness to pay (WTP) for safer jobs? Using a laboratory experiment, we elicit participants’ WTP for an early (perceived ‘safer’) on-site shift. We find that women forego larger earnings in order to secure an early shift more than men do, with a safety concern about the late shift being a key driver, explaining up to 20% of the estimated gender gap. We do not observe a gender gap if the job can be completed remotely. Results are robust to controlling for morning-types, household and demographic characteristics, attitudes toward risk and uncertainty, victimization, and information provision about crime. Controlling for crime exposure reduces the estimated gender gap. Thus, our results suggest that policies that reduce gender disparities in safety concerns may affect women’s labor supply.
Keywords: Safety concerns, willingness to pay, gender gaps, experiment
JEL Classification: J16, C92, D03
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation