Gender Norm Conflict and Marital Outcomes

50 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2021

See all articles by Francisca Antman

Francisca Antman

University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics

Priti Kalsi

Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)

Soohyung Lee

Seoul National University

Abstract

We investigate the impact of male-female conflict over gender norms on marital outcomes. As marriage requires mutual agreement regarding the role of husband and wife, we hypothesize that a person who is less likely to encounter a potential mate with similar gender norms will face a lower chance of marrying. Even if two parties marry despite a difference in gender norms, their marriage may be more vulnerable to external shocks, making divorce more likely relative to their counterparts without gender norm conflict. Finally, we predict that in the presence of gender norm conflict, high-skilled individuals may be less likely to get or stay married relative to low-skilled individuals, as the former group faces better outside options. Estimates from an analysis of U.S. marriage markets differentiated by birth cohort, state, race, and skill level, support our theoretical predictions. Additional extensions explore heterogeneous effects and additional outcomes such as the presence of children in the household.

JEL Classification: J12, J16, J24

Suggested Citation

Antman, Francisca and Kalsi, Priti and Lee, Soohyung, Gender Norm Conflict and Marital Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14144, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3794090

Francisca Antman (Contact Author)

University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics ( email )

Campus Box 256
Boulder, CO 80309
United States

Priti Kalsi

Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) ( email )

Rochester, NY 14623
United States

Soohyung Lee

Seoul National University ( email )

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