Mental Health in Adolescents during COVID-19-Related Social Distancing and Home-Schooling
16 Pages Posted: 5 Mar 2021
Date Written: March 1, 2021
This study assessed mental health in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic in Austria. An online survey (between February 3rd and 28th, 2021) was conducted measuring well-being (WHO-5), depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), sleep quality (ISI), as well as disordered eating (EAT-8) in 14 to 20 year-old adolescents. In total N=3052 individuals participated (70.1 % female) and showed clinically relevant 1) depressive symptoms (55%), anxiety symptoms (47%), insomnia (23%), and eating disorder symptoms (64%). The prevalence of repeated suicidal ideation was 16% (9% nearly every day; 7% on more than half of the days per week). Compared to a HBSC-study from 2018 an increase of smartphone usage, a decrease of physical activity, and a decrease of mental well-being (WHO-5) from 43.7 (SD = 19.84) in 2018 to M = 35.79 (SD = 19.67) in female participants (t(2136) = -18.58; p < 0.001; d = -0.40) and a decrease from 53.1 (SD = 19.50) in 2018 to M = 43.93 (SD = 22.36) in male participants (t(855) = -12.00; p < 0.001; d = -0.43) was observed. Results suggests a high prevalence of mental disorders one year after the COVID-19 outbreak in Austria and highlight the need to implement health promotion and prevention strategies.
Note: Funding Statement: None.
Declaration of Interests: None.
Ethics Approval Statement: The principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki were followed and the ethics committee of the Danube-University Krems as well as the data protection officer of the Danube-University Krems approved the study.
Keywords: adolescents, mental health, COVID-19, depression, anxiety, insomnia, stress, eating disorders
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation