103 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2021 Last revised: 21 Aug 2023
Date Written: August 12, 2023
This paper develops an empirical methodology for extracting pricing factors from investor portfolio data. We apply this approach to an administrative dataset containing the stockholdings of Norwegian individual investors in 1997-2017. A two-factor model, featuring the market portfolio and a long-short portfolio constructed from the holdings of investors sorted by age or wealth, explains both the common variation in portfolio holdings and the cross-section of stock returns. Portfolio tilts toward the investor factor correlate with indebtedness, macroeconomic exposure, gender, and investment experience. Our paper illustrates the benefits of using holdings data for explaining the risk premia of financial assets.
Keywords: Asset pricing, factor-based investing, household finance, portfolio allocation.
JEL Classification: G11, G12.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation