A Study on Menstrual Hygiene Management at the Bottom of Pyramid in India

19 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2021

See all articles by Vadera Shaili

Vadera Shaili

Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University

Date Written: March 2, 2021


The research paper examines the problems related to menarche and menstruation at the bottom of the pyramid in India. The purpose of the research is to promote menstrual health management (MHM) at the bottom of the pyramid to promote well-being of girls and women and to reduce absenteeism and drop-out rates in schools in rural India. India scores lowest in sanitary napkin usage in the world. Lack of awareness and education regarding menarche contributes to anxiety, fear and abuse among young girls. Commercial products like sanitary pads, tampons and menstrual cups are less widely available and often unaffordable. Due to poor menstrual hygiene practices more than 70% of women are diagnosed with serious vaginal and urinary tract infections each year. There is urgent need for Government, NGO’s and corporates to collaborate together to provide affordable and sustainable menstrual hygiene management solutions for the welfare of the community at large.

Funding Statement: No funding was provided for this research.

Declaration of Interests: Author certifies that there is no actual/ potential conflict of interest in relation to this article submitted for publication.

Keywords: menarche; menstruation, absenteeism; drop-out; schools; menstrual hygiene management; social marketing initiatives

JEL Classification: I15; I3; I39

Suggested Citation

Shaili, Vadera, A Study on Menstrual Hygiene Management at the Bottom of Pyramid in India (March 2, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3795881 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3795881

Vadera Shaili (Contact Author)

Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University ( email )

P.O. Box 1664
Al Khobar, 31952
Saudi Arabia
0509608478 (Phone)
P.O. BOX 1664 (Fax)

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