Do Counter-Stereotypical Female Role Models Impact Women's Occupational Choices?

55 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2021

See all articles by Vidhi Chhaochharia

Vidhi Chhaochharia

University of Miami - Department of Finance

Mengqiao Du

University of Mannheim

Alexandra Niessen-Ruenzi

University of Mannheim - Department of Finance

Date Written: March 2, 2021

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of counter-stereotypical female role models on women's labor supply and occupational choices. Using hand-collected data from Gallup surveys that cover a long time series, we create a direct measure of counter-stereotypical female role models based on the fraction of local survey respondents who admire famous women in business, politics, or science. We show that the presence of counter-stereotypical female role models is associated with more women participating in the labor market, working in male-dominated industries, choosing occupations with abstract tasks, and taking managerial positions, which eventually alleviates the gender pay gap.

Keywords: Female Role Models, Occupational Choice, Gender Gap, Labor Supply

JEL Classification: J16, J22, J24

Suggested Citation

Chhaochharia, Vidhi and Du, Mengqiao and Niessen-Ruenzi, Alexandra, Do Counter-Stereotypical Female Role Models Impact Women's Occupational Choices? (March 2, 2021). University of Miami Business School Research Paper No. 3796264, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3796264 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3796264

Vidhi Chhaochharia

University of Miami - Department of Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 248094
Coral Gables, FL 33124-6552
United States

Mengqiao Du (Contact Author)

University of Mannheim ( email )

L9, 1-2
Mannheim, 68161
Germany

Alexandra Niessen-Ruenzi

University of Mannheim - Department of Finance ( email )

Mannheim, 68131
Germany

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