Counter-Stereotypical Female Role Models and Women's Occupational Choices
72 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2021 Last revised: 23 May 2022
Date Written: December 22, 2021
This paper examines the relation between counter-stereotypical female role models and women's labor supply and occupational choices. Using hand-collected data from Gallup surveys that cover more than 50 years, we create a direct measure of counter-stereotypical female role models based on the fraction of local survey respondents who state that they admire famous women in business, politics, or science. We show that admiring counter-stereotypical female role models is associated with more women participating in the labor market, working in male-dominated and STEM industries, and taking managerial positions, which eventually alleviates the gender pay gap.
Keywords: Female Role Models, Occupational Choice, Gender Gap, Labor Supply
JEL Classification: J16, J22, J24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation