Counter-Stereotypical Female Role Models and Women's Occupational Choices

72 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2021 Last revised: 23 May 2022

See all articles by Vidhi Chhaochharia

Vidhi Chhaochharia

University of Miami - Department of Finance

Mengqiao Du

University of Mannheim

Alexandra Niessen-Ruenzi

University of Mannheim, Department of Finance; University of Mannheim - Department of Finance

Date Written: December 22, 2021

Abstract

This paper examines the relation between counter-stereotypical female role models and women's labor supply and occupational choices. Using hand-collected data from Gallup surveys that cover more than 50 years, we create a direct measure of counter-stereotypical female role models based on the fraction of local survey respondents who state that they admire famous women in business, politics, or science. We show that admiring counter-stereotypical female role models is associated with more women participating in the labor market, working in male-dominated and STEM industries, and taking managerial positions, which eventually alleviates the gender pay gap.

Keywords: Female Role Models, Occupational Choice, Gender Gap, Labor Supply

JEL Classification: J16, J22, J24

Suggested Citation

Chhaochharia, Vidhi and Du, Mengqiao and Niessen-Ruenzi, Alexandra and Niessen-Ruenzi, Alexandra, Counter-Stereotypical Female Role Models and Women's Occupational Choices (December 22, 2021). University of Miami Business School Research Paper No. 3796264, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 196, 2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3796264 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3796264

Vidhi Chhaochharia

University of Miami - Department of Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 248094
Coral Gables, FL 33124-6552
United States

Mengqiao Du (Contact Author)

University of Mannheim ( email )

L9, 1-2
Mannheim, 68161
Germany

Alexandra Niessen-Ruenzi

University of Mannheim - Department of Finance ( email )

Mannheim, 68131
Germany

University of Mannheim, Department of Finance ( email )

L9, 1-2
Mannheim, 68131
Germany
+49 621 181 1595 (Phone)

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