Management Practices and Climate Policy in China
70 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2021 Last revised: 16 Aug 2023
Date Written: July 24, 2023
We investigate how management quality moderates the impact of carbon pricing on Chinese firms. Based on interviews with managers and lead engineers at manufacturing firms in Hubei and Beijing, we construct a novel index of climate-change related management practices and link it to firm data from various sources. We document higher average productivity and more green innovation among firms that are well managed according to the index. In an event study of the introduction of regional cap-and-trade schemes for CO2, we analyze how management quality interacta with treatment. While treated firms reduced coal consumption more than control firms, this effect is statistically significant only for well-managed firms. The reduction could have been 25% greater if badly managed firms had been well managed. Our study highlights that good management practices, in particular energy monitoring, enhance the effectiveness of market-based climate policies by enabling firms to rationally comply with those policies.
Keywords: climate policy; firm behavior; management practices; emissions trading scheme; policy evaluation
JEL Classification: D22, O31, Q48, Q54
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