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SARS-CoV-2 Sero-Prevalence Among General Population and Healthcare Workers in India, December 2020 - January 2021

29 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2021

See all articles by Manoj V. Murhekar

Manoj V. Murhekar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

Tarun Bhatnagar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

Jeromie Wesley Vivian Thangaraj

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

V. Saravanakumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

Muthusamy Santhosh Kumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

Sriram Selvaraju

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Kiran Rade

World Health Organization - India Country Office

C.P. Girish Kumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

R. Sabarinathan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

Alka Turuk

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

Smita Asthana

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research

Rakesh Balachandar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Occupational Health

Sampada Dipak Bangar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National AIDS Research Institute

Avi Kumar Bansal

ICMR – National JALMA Institute for Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases

Vishal Chopra

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Dasarathi Das

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Alok Kumar Deb

ICMR National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases

Kangjam Rekha Devi

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - Regional Medical Research Centre

Vikas Dhikav

ICMR - National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases

Gaurav Raj Dwivedi

ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre

S. Muhammad Salim Khan

Government Medical College, Srinagar - Department of Community Medicine

M. Sunil Kumar

State TB Training and Demonstration centre (STDC)

Avula Laxmaiah

ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition

Major Madhukar

ICMR-Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences

Amarendra Mahapatra

ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre

Chethana Rangaraju

National Tuberculosis Institute

Jyotirmayee Turuk

Government of India - Department of Microbiology

Rajiv Yadav

ICMR-National Institute of Research in Tribal Health

Rushikesh Andhalkar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

K. Arunraj

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Dinesh Kumar Baradwaj

ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition

Pravin Bharti

ICMR-National Institute of Research in Tribal Health

Debdutta Bhattacharya

Government of India - Department of Microbiology

Jyothi Bhat

National Institute of Research in Tribal Health

Ashrafjit S. Chahal

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Debjit Chakraborty

ICMR National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases

Anshuman Chaudhury

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Hirawati Deval

Government of India - ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre

Sarang Dhatrak

ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health

Rakesh Dayal

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

D. Elantamilan

ICMR, National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases

Prathiksha Giridharan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Inaamul Haq

Government Medical College, Srinagar - Department of Community Medicine

Ramesh Kumar Hudda

ICMR, National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases

Babu Jagjeevan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Nutrition

Arshad Kalliath

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Srikanta Kanungo

Government of India - Department of Microbiology

Nivethitha N. Krishnan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Jaya Singh Kshatri

Government of India - Department of Microbiology

Alok Kumar

National Institute of Research in Tuberculosis

Niraj Kumar

Regional Medical Research Centre, Gorakhpur

Vinod Kumar VG

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Gangeti Gandhi Jayanthi Naga Lakshmi

Directorate of Public Health and Family Welfare - Office of Joint Director for Tuberculosis

Ganesh Mehta

ICMR-National Jalma Institute of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases

Nandan Kumar Mishra

ICMR-National Jalma Institute of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases

Anindya Mitra

State TB Training and Demonstration centre (STDC)

K. Nagbhushanam

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Arlappa Nimmathota

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Nutrition

A.R. Nirmala

Lady Willingdon State TB centre

Ashok Kumar Pandey

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

Ganta Venkata Prasad

Directorate of Public Health and Family Welfare - Office of Joint Director for Tuberculosis

Mariya Amin Qurieshi

Government Medical College, Srinagar - Department of Community Medicine

Sirasanambatti Devarajulu Reddy

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Aby Robinson

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Seema Sahay

ICMR-National AIDS Research Institute

Rochak Saxena

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Krithikaa Sekar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Vijay Kumar Shukla

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Hari Bhan Singh

ICMR-National JALMA Institute for Leprosy & Other Mycobacterial Diseases

Prashant Kumar Singh

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research

Pushpendra Singh

Lady Willingdon State TB Centre

Rajeev Singh

ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre

Nivetha Srinivasan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Dantuluri Sheethal Varma

Directorate of Public Health and Family Welfare - Office of Joint Director for Tuberculosis

Ankit Viramgami

ICMR – National Institute of Occupational Health

Vimith Cheruvathoor Wilson

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Surabhi Yadav

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Suresh Yadav

ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health

Kamran Zaman

Government of India - ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre

Amit Chakrabarti

ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health

Aparup Das

ICMR-National of Research in Tribal Health

R.S. Dhaliwal

ICMR, National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases

Shanta Dutta

ICMR National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases

Rajni Kant

RMRC Gorakhpur

A.M. Khan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

Kanwar Narain

Government of India - ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre

Somashekar Narasimhaiah

Lady Willingdon State TB Centre

Chandrasekaran Padmapriyadarshini

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis

Krishna Pandey

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences

Sanghamitra Pati

Government of India - Department of Microbiology

Shripad Patil

ICMR-National Jalma Institute of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases

Hemalatha Rajkumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Nutrition

Tekumalla Ramarao

State TB Office

Y.K. Sharma

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Shalini Singh

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research

Samiran Panda

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

D.C.S. Reddy

Independent Cconsultant

Balram Bhargava

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

More...

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

Background: Repeated cross-sectional serosurveys in the same geographic area establish the trend of the evolving pandemic. We present the findings of the third round of a national serosurvey to estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among the general population and health care workers of India. 

Methods: We conducted the third population-based serosurvey between Dec 18, 2020 and Jan 6, 2021 in the same 700 villages or wards from 70 districts in 21 states across India, which were selected for the first and second serosurveys. We enrolled from each district, at least 400 individuals aged ≥ 10 years from general population and 100 HCWs from sub-district level public health facilities. Serum samples from general population were tested for the presence of IgG antibodies against nucleocapsid (N) and spike protein (S1-RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 using the Abbott and Siemens assays respectively, whereas sera from HCWs were tested for anti-S1-RBD. For general population, sera positive for either of the antibodies were considered positive, while sera positive for anti-S1-RBD were considered as positive for HCW. Weighted seroprevalence estimates were adjusted for sensitivity and specificity of respective assays. 

Findings: Of the 28,598 sera from general population, 4585 (16%) had IgG antibodies against N, 6647 (23.2%) against S1-RBD and 7436 (26%) against either. The weighted and assay characteristic adjusted seroprevalence against either of the antibodies was 24.1 (95%CI: 23.0% to 25.3%). Seroprevalence was lower in rural areas (21.4%, 95% CI: 20.3% to 22.6%) compared to urban non-slum (29.4%, 95% CI: 26.9% - 32.1%) and slum areas (34.6%, 95% CI: 31.0% to 38.3%). Among 7385 HCWs, the seroprevalence of anti-S1-RBD IgG antibodies was 25.6% (95% CI: 23.5% to 27.8%). 

Interpretation: Nearly one in four individuals aged 10 years or older from general population as well as HCWs were exposed to SARS-CoV-2 by December 2020 amounting to 271 million infections in India.

Funding Statement: Indian Council of Medical Research

Declaration of Interests: All authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form at www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf and declare no competing interests

Ethics Approval Statement: The project was approved by Institutional Human Ethics Committee at ICMR-National Institute of Epidemiology.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, IgG, seroprevalence, India

Suggested Citation

Murhekar, Manoj V. and Bhatnagar, Tarun and Thangaraj, Jeromie Wesley Vivian and Saravanakumar, V. and Kumar, Muthusamy Santhosh and Selvaraju, Sriram and Rade, Kiran and Kumar, C.P. Girish and Sabarinathan, R. and Turuk, Alka and Asthana, Smita and Balachandar, Rakesh and Bangar, Sampada Dipak and Bansal, Avi Kumar and Chopra, Vishal and Das, Dasarathi and Deb, Alok Kumar and Devi, Kangjam Rekha and Dhikav, Vikas and Dwivedi, Gaurav Raj and Khan, S. Muhammad Salim and Kumar, M. Sunil and Laxmaiah, Avula and Madhukar, Major and Mahapatra, Amarendra and Rangaraju, Chethana and Turuk, Jyotirmayee and Yadav, Rajiv and Andhalkar, Rushikesh and Arunraj, K. and Baradwaj, Dinesh Kumar and Bharti, Pravin and Bhattacharya, Debdutta and Bhat, Jyothi and Chahal, Ashrafjit S. and Chakraborty, Debjit and Chaudhury, Anshuman and Deval, Hirawati and Dhatrak, Sarang and Dayal, Rakesh and Elantamilan, D. and Giridharan, Prathiksha and Haq, Inaamul and Hudda, Ramesh Kumar and Jagjeevan, Babu and Kalliath, Arshad and Kanungo, Srikanta and Krishnan, Nivethitha N. and Kshatri, Jaya Singh and Kumar, Alok and Kumar, Niraj and VG, Vinod Kumar and Naga Lakshmi, Gangeti Gandhi Jayanthi and Mehta, Ganesh and Mishra, Nandan Kumar and Mitra, Anindya and Nagbhushanam, K. and Nimmathota, Arlappa and Nirmala, A.R. and Pandey, Ashok Kumar and Prasad, Ganta Venkata and Qurieshi, Mariya Amin and Reddy, Sirasanambatti Devarajulu and Robinson, Aby and Sahay, Seema and Saxena, Rochak and Sekar, Krithikaa and Shukla, Vijay Kumar and Singh, Hari Bhan and Singh, Prashant Kumar and Singh, Pushpendra and Singh, Rajeev and Srinivasan, Nivetha and Varma, Dantuluri Sheethal and Viramgami, Ankit and Wilson, Vimith Cheruvathoor and Yadav, Surabhi and Yadav, Suresh and Zaman, Kamran and Chakrabarti, Amit and Das, Aparup and Dhaliwal, R.S. and Dutta, Shanta and Kant, Rajni and Khan, A.M. and Narain, Kanwar and Narasimhaiah, Somashekar and Padmapriyadarshini, Chandrasekaran and Pandey, Krishna and Pati, Sanghamitra and Patil, Shripad and Rajkumar, Hemalatha and Ramarao, Tekumalla and Sharma, Y.K. and Singh, Shalini and Panda, Samiran and Reddy, D.C.S. and Bhargava, Balram, SARS-CoV-2 Sero-Prevalence Among General Population and Healthcare Workers in India, December 2020 - January 2021. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3797589 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3797589

Manoj V. Murhekar (Contact Author)

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology ( email )

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077
India

Tarun Bhatnagar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology ( email )

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077
India

Jeromie Wesley Vivian Thangaraj

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology ( email )

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077
India

V. Saravanakumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077
India

Muthusamy Santhosh Kumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology ( email )

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077
India

Sriram Selvaraju

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Kiran Rade

World Health Organization - India Country Office

New Delhi
India

C.P. Girish Kumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology ( email )

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077
India

R. Sabarinathan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Epidemiology ( email )

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077
India

Alka Turuk

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) ( email )

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

Smita Asthana

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research ( email )

Noida
India

Rakesh Balachandar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Occupational Health ( email )

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

Sampada Dipak Bangar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National AIDS Research Institute ( email )

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

Avi Kumar Bansal

ICMR – National JALMA Institute for Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases ( email )

Vishal Chopra

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC)

Dasarathi Das

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC) ( email )

India

Alok Kumar Deb

ICMR National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases ( email )

NICED New Building Room 108
ID & BG Hospital Campur
Kolkata, Beliaghata 700010
India

Kangjam Rekha Devi

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - Regional Medical Research Centre ( email )

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

Vikas Dhikav

ICMR - National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases ( email )

India

Gaurav Raj Dwivedi

ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre ( email )

S. Muhammad Salim Khan

Government Medical College, Srinagar - Department of Community Medicine ( email )

Srinagar
India

M. Sunil Kumar

State TB Training and Demonstration centre (STDC) ( email )

Avula Laxmaiah

ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition ( email )

Major Madhukar

ICMR-Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences ( email )

Amarendra Mahapatra

ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre ( email )

Chethana Rangaraju

National Tuberculosis Institute ( email )

Jyotirmayee Turuk

Government of India - Department of Microbiology

Chandrasekharpur
India

Rajiv Yadav

ICMR-National Institute of Research in Tribal Health ( email )

Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
India

Rushikesh Andhalkar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

K. Arunraj

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Dinesh Kumar Baradwaj

ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition ( email )

Pravin Bharti

ICMR-National Institute of Research in Tribal Health ( email )

India

Debdutta Bhattacharya

Government of India - Department of Microbiology

Chandrasekharpur
India

Jyothi Bhat

National Institute of Research in Tribal Health ( email )

Ashrafjit S. Chahal

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC) ( email )

Debjit Chakraborty

ICMR National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases ( email )

NICED New Building Room 108
ID & BG Hospital Campur
Kolkata, Beliaghata 700010
India

Anshuman Chaudhury

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Hirawati Deval

Government of India - ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre ( email )

CHANDRASEKHARPUR
BHUBANESWAR, 751023
India

Sarang Dhatrak

ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health ( email )

Ahmedabad
India

Rakesh Dayal

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC) ( email )

India

D. Elantamilan

ICMR, National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases ( email )

India

Prathiksha Giridharan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Inaamul Haq

Government Medical College, Srinagar - Department of Community Medicine ( email )

India

Ramesh Kumar Hudda

ICMR, National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases

India

Babu Jagjeevan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Nutrition ( email )

India

Arshad Kalliath

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC) ( email )

Srikanta Kanungo

Government of India - Department of Microbiology ( email )

Chandrasekharpur
India

Nivethitha N. Krishnan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Jaya Singh Kshatri

Government of India - Department of Microbiology ( email )

Chandrasekharpur
India

Alok Kumar

National Institute of Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Niraj Kumar

Regional Medical Research Centre, Gorakhpur ( email )

Vinod Kumar VG

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Gangeti Gandhi Jayanthi Naga Lakshmi

Directorate of Public Health and Family Welfare - Office of Joint Director for Tuberculosis ( email )

Ganesh Mehta

ICMR-National Jalma Institute of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases ( email )

Agra, 282001
India

Nandan Kumar Mishra

ICMR-National Jalma Institute of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases ( email )

Agra, 282001
India

Anindya Mitra

State TB Training and Demonstration centre (STDC)

India

K. Nagbhushanam

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Arlappa Nimmathota

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Nutrition ( email )

India

A.R. Nirmala

Lady Willingdon State TB centre ( email )

Ashok Kumar Pandey

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

Ganta Venkata Prasad

Directorate of Public Health and Family Welfare - Office of Joint Director for Tuberculosis ( email )

Mariya Amin Qurieshi

Government Medical College, Srinagar - Department of Community Medicine ( email )

Srinagar
India

Sirasanambatti Devarajulu Reddy

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Aby Robinson

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Seema Sahay

ICMR-National AIDS Research Institute ( email )

Rochak Saxena

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC) ( email )

India

Krithikaa Sekar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Vijay Kumar Shukla

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC) ( email )

India

Hari Bhan Singh

ICMR-National JALMA Institute for Leprosy & Other Mycobacterial Diseases ( email )

Agra, 282001
India

Prashant Kumar Singh

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research ( email )

Noida
India

Pushpendra Singh

Lady Willingdon State TB Centre

Bengaluru, Karnataka
India

Rajeev Singh

ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre

CHANDRASEKHARPUR
BHUBANESWAR, 751023
India

Nivetha Srinivasan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Dantuluri Sheethal Varma

Directorate of Public Health and Family Welfare - Office of Joint Director for Tuberculosis ( email )

Ankit Viramgami

ICMR – National Institute of Occupational Health ( email )

Vimith Cheruvathoor Wilson

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Surabhi Yadav

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Suresh Yadav

ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health

Ahmedabad
India

Kamran Zaman

Government of India - ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre ( email )

CHANDRASEKHARPUR
BHUBANESWAR, 751023
India

Amit Chakrabarti

ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health

Ahmedabad
India

Aparup Das

ICMR-National of Research in Tribal Health ( email )

Jabalpur
India

R.S. Dhaliwal

ICMR, National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases ( email )

India

Shanta Dutta

ICMR National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases ( email )

NICED New Building Room 108
ID & BG Hospital Campur
Kolkata, Beliaghata 700010
India

Rajni Kant

RMRC Gorakhpur ( email )

A.M. Khan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) ( email )

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

Kanwar Narain

Government of India - ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre ( email )

CHANDRASEKHARPUR
BHUBANESWAR, 751023
India

Somashekar Narasimhaiah

Lady Willingdon State TB Centre ( email )

Bengaluru
India

Chandrasekaran Padmapriyadarshini

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis ( email )

Chennai
India

Krishna Pandey

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences

RMRIS, Agamkuan
Patna, PA 800007
India

Sanghamitra Pati

Government of India - Department of Microbiology ( email )

Chandrasekharpur
India

Shripad Patil

ICMR-National Jalma Institute of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases ( email )

Agra, 282001
India

Hemalatha Rajkumar

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Nutrition ( email )

India

Tekumalla Ramarao

State TB Office ( email )

Hyderabad
India

Y.K. Sharma

State TB Training and Demonstration Centre (STDC) ( email )

India

Shalini Singh

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) - National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research

Noida
India

Samiran Panda

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) ( email )

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

D.C.S. Reddy

Independent Cconsultant ( email )

Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India

Balram Bhargava

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

National Institute of Occupational Health
NIOH, Meghani Nagar
Ahemdabad, Gujarat, Gujarat 380016
India

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