Early Experiences of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM JAY) in India: A Narrative Review

32 Pages Posted: 5 Mar 2021

See all articles by Shawin Vitsupakorn

Shawin Vitsupakorn

Duke University - Center for Policy Impact in Global Health

Ipchita Bharali

Duke University - Duke Global Health Institute

Gavin Yamey

Duke Global Health Institute

Wenhui Mao

Duke University - Duke Global Health Institute

Date Written: March 4, 2021

Abstract

India is a lower-middle-income country (LMIC) with 21% of its population living below the international poverty line. Yet, its government health expenditure in 2016 was only 1.17% of its ross domestic product (GDP), a share that is even lower than the average for low-income countries. India also faces a shift in disease burden, with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) emerging as top causes of mortality while infectious diseases and maternal, neonatal, and nutritional health remain areas of concern. To address these challenges and improve healthcare access and affordability for poor and vulnerable populations, India launched Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) in 2018 as a successor to the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) scheme. To further inform policy development, we synthesized the early experiences of PM-JAY by conducting a narrative review, focusing on the three dimensions of universal health coverage (UHC): population coverage, service coverage, and financial risk protection.

Keywords: health financing, universal health coverage, insurance, PM-JAY, India

Suggested Citation

Vitsupakorn, Shawin and Bharali, Ipchita and Yamey, Gavin and Mao, Wenhui, Early Experiences of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM JAY) in India: A Narrative Review (March 4, 2021). Duke Global Working Paper Series No. 30, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3797792 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3797792

Shawin Vitsupakorn (Contact Author)

Duke University - Center for Policy Impact in Global Health ( email )

310 Trent Drive
Durham, NC 27710
United States

Ipchita Bharali

Duke University - Duke Global Health Institute ( email )

310 Trent Drive
Box 90519
Durham, NC 27710
United States

HOME PAGE: http://centerforpolicyimpact.org

Gavin Yamey

Duke Global Health Institute ( email )

Trent Hall
310 Trent Drive
Durham, NC 27708
United States

Wenhui Mao

Duke University - Duke Global Health Institute ( email )

310 Trent Drive
Box 90519
Durham, NC 27710
United States

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