Climate Change Mitigation Law and Policy in the BRICS

Forthcoming in Leonie Reins and Jonathan Verschuuren (eds.), Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law, 2nd edition, Edward Elgar Publishing 2021

54 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2021

See all articles by Rafael Leal-Arcas

Rafael Leal-Arcas

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law

Date Written: March 7, 2021

Abstract

This chapter examines the climate change mitigation law and policy of five major developing countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (i.e., the BRICS). It will first analyze the case of Brazil, then India, China, Russia, and lastly South Africa. The chapter explores the main causes of Brazil’s contribution to global climate change (namely deforestation, cattle ranching, agricultural expansion, and energy production). It then offers mitigation strategies for the case of India and makes the case for investing in cities, solar energy, hydropower, and electric vehicles. The chapter then explores China’s position in the mitigation of climate change by analyzing key policies such as carbon pricing, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and fossil fuels. It then turns to Russia to examine its domestic policies to reduce carbon emissions. Lastly, it examines South Africa’s climate change mitigation regime.

Keywords: climate change mitigation; Paris Agreement; Kyoto Protocol; NDCs; BRICS; renewable energy

JEL Classification: K33, Q2, Q3, Q4

Suggested Citation

Leal-Arcas, Rafael, Climate Change Mitigation Law and Policy in the BRICS (March 7, 2021). Forthcoming in Leonie Reins and Jonathan Verschuuren (eds.), Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law, 2nd edition, Edward Elgar Publishing 2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3799394 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3799394

Rafael Leal-Arcas (Contact Author)

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law ( email )

67-69
Lincoln's Inn Fields
Holborn, London WC2A 3JB
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.ccls.qmul.ac.uk/staff/lealarcas.html

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