Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness
36 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2021
Date Written: February 2021
We discuss regional disparities in economic performance and living standards. We first set out some key facts, and provide a conceptual framework to help analyze whether such disparities are efficient, or instead reflect market and/or policy failures. We examine whether policy attempts to reduce regional disparities necessarily involve a trade-off between equity and efficiency. We then investigate whether policymakers should focus on boosting the economic performance of lagging regions-or, conversely, accept the presence of regional disparities, and instead assist households in lagging regions through transfer payments, investments in education, health, and other basic services, and by facilitating out-migration.
JEL Classification: R11, R12, R58, J30, E23, E25, O18, J20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation