Ethnic disparity in altruism towards reforestation: A social preference experiment in Mindoro, Philippines

27 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2021

See all articles by Imelda Molina

Imelda Molina

University of the Philippines, Los Baños - College of Economics and Management

Katelyn Castillo

University of the Philippines, Los Baños

Klarizze Puzon

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) - Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE)

CERE Center for Environmental and Resource Economics

CERE

Date Written: March 10, 2021

Abstract

We conduct a framed field experiment in Mindoro, Philippines on ecological altruism. Behavioral differences between ethnic groups in Mindoro, the Tagalogs and the Mangyans, were investigated. We design a two-part donation task (i.e. dictator game) where the recipient of the donation is a local reforestation project. There were two treatments: They played either the giving game (GG) or the taking game (TG). In the first part, in GG, respondents were asked how much they will donate towards reforestation, while respondents in TG were asked how much money they will take away from the project and keep for themselves. The second part was the same as the first; but participants were asked what they will do if a hypothetical partner, who was either the same or different ethnicity as theirs, donated half of the initial endowment to reforestation. Results indicate that Mangyans, who are predominantly farmers, tend to give more in the TG than the GG. Tagalog respondents were not sensitive to framing. Finally, other-ethnicity dynamics did not have a strong effect.

Keywords: deforestation, ethnic differences, behavioral experiment, environmental economics.

JEL Classification: C90, Q23, Q56, Q57.

Suggested Citation

Molina, Imelda and Castillo, Katelyn and Puzon, Klarizze and Center for Environmental and Resource Economics, CERE, Ethnic disparity in altruism towards reforestation: A social preference experiment in Mindoro, Philippines (March 10, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3801584 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3801584

Imelda Molina

University of the Philippines, Los Baños - College of Economics and Management ( email )

College, Laguna 4031
Philippines

Katelyn Castillo

University of the Philippines, Los Baños ( email )

Pedro R. Sandoval Ave
Los Banos, Laguna 4031
Philippines

Klarizze Puzon (Contact Author)

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) - Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE) ( email )

Almas Allé 10
Umeå, 750 07
Sweden

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