Constituting Over Constitutions

Dillard, C. . (2021). Constituting Over Constitutions. University of Bologna Law Review, 6(1), 48–75. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2531-6133/13299

28 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2021

See all articles by Carter Dillard

Carter Dillard

Uehiro Centre, University of Oxford ; University of Oxford - Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics

Date Written: March 12, 2021

Abstract

In philosophy, legal theory and law, the Grundnorm, or basic norm, is often assumed to be the constitution, or that which overrides other norms. That is incorrect. This paper argues that the grundnorm should be the norm which regulates human procreation. This norm must proceed from the theoretical absence of human power, or a zero baseline. This essay attempts to correct the grundnorm fallacy with what will be called the Zero-Baseline Model. The correction reorients our human rights regimes and family planning systems, in ways that lead to an inevitable list of specific policy reforms that largely invert current family planning models and policies in use at the United Nations, European Union, the United States, and elsewhere. Those reforms can all be described in a simple narrative of reorienting family planning laws and policies from what would-be parents desire, subjectively, towards what all future children need, objectively. And as the evidence shows, those reforms prove highly effective and much more efficient in promoting child welfare, reducing economic and other inequalities, mitigating the climate and other ecological crises, protecting non-humans, and building democracy, than their alternatives.

Keywords: constitutional law, legal theory, political theory, hans kelsen, grundnorm, climate change, environmental law, human rights, democracy, family law, inequality

Suggested Citation

Dillard, Carter, Constituting Over Constitutions (March 12, 2021). Dillard, C. . (2021). Constituting Over Constitutions. University of Bologna Law Review, 6(1), 48–75. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2531-6133/13299, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3803631

Carter Dillard (Contact Author)

Uehiro Centre, University of Oxford ( email )

Suite 8, Littlegate House
16/17 St Ebbe's Street
Oxford, OX1 1PT
United Kingdom

University of Oxford - Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics ( email )

Suite 8, Littlegate House
St Ebbes Street
Oxford, OX1 1PT
United Kingdom

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