The effect of breakfast after the bell on student academic achievement

48 Pages Posted: 15 Mar 2021

See all articles by Andres Cuadros-Meñaca

Andres Cuadros-Meñaca

University of Arkansas

Michael R. Thomsen

University of Arkansas

Rodolfo M. Nayga Jr

University of Arkansas

Date Written: March 13, 2021

Abstract

Many schools are adopting breakfast after the bell (BAB) in an effort to expand opportunities to participate in school breakfast. Improved nutrition may lead to better academic achievement, but BAB may also cut into instruction time. Using the synthetic control method, we find little evidence of positive or negative effects on test scores. These findings cannot be explained by the lack of an effect on breakfast participation nor by increases in school attendance. Student behavior improves after BAB adoption, which may offset interference with instruction time. Overall, BAB can be incorporated into the school day without adversely impacting academic achievement.

Keywords: School Breakfast Program, Achievement, Attendance, Infractions

JEL Classification: H52, I28, I29

Suggested Citation

Cuadros-Meñaca, Andres and Thomsen, Michael R. and Nayga Jr, Rodolfo M., The effect of breakfast after the bell on student academic achievement (March 13, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3804072 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3804072

Andres Cuadros-Meñaca (Contact Author)

University of Arkansas ( email )

United States

Michael R. Thomsen

University of Arkansas ( email )

Fayetteville, AR 72701
United States

Rodolfo M. Nayga Jr

University of Arkansas

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