The Limits of Law and AI

29 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2021 Last revised: 19 May 2022

Date Written: March 16, 2021


For thirty years, scholars in the field of law and artificial intelligence (AI) have explored the extent to which tasks performed by lawyers and judges can be assisted by computers. This article describes the medium-term outlook for AI technologies and explains the obstacles to making legal work computable. I argue that while AI-based software is likely to improve legal research and support human decisionmaking, it is unlikely to replace traditional legal work or otherwise transform the practice of law.

Keywords: AI,artificial intelligence,AI and law,legal profession

Suggested Citation

McCarl, Ryan, The Limits of Law and AI (March 16, 2021). University of Cincinnati Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 3, 2022, Available at SSRN:

Ryan McCarl (Contact Author)

Rushing McCarl LLP ( email )

2219 Main St. No. 144
Santa Monica, CA 90405
United States
310-896-5082 (Phone)


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