Building Probabilistic Causal Models using Collective Intelligence
The Journal of Financial Data Science Volume 4, Issue 2 in May 2022
Posted: 8 Feb 2022
Date Written: March 19, 2021
The purpose of this paper is to show a novel approach to automatically generating Probabilistic Causal Models (Bayesian Networks (BN)) by applying Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to a corpus of millions of digitally published news articles in which views by different authors are expressed on the future states of economic and financial variables, and geopolitical events. The BNs that we will show how to derive will represent the wisdom-of-the-crowds forward-looking point-in-time views on various variables of interest and their dependencies. These Bayesian Networks are likely to be of interest to asset managers and to economists who want to gain a better understanding of the current drivers of an economy based upon a rigorous probabilistic methodology. Additionally, in an asset allocation context, the BNs we derive can be fed to an optimization engine to construct a forward-looking optimal portfolio given the constraints of the asset manager (e.g., budget, short constraints etc.). We demonstrate various automatically derived Bayesian Networks in a financial context
Keywords: NLP, causal graphs, Bayesian Networks, macro-finance, expert elicitation, knowledge mining.
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