An Approximation Scheme for Data Monetization
Production and Operations Management, Forthcoming
32 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last revised: 26 Aug 2023
Date Written: March 21, 2021
The unprecedented rate at which data is being generated has led to the growth of data markets where valuable datasets are bought and sold. A salient feature of this market is that a data-buyer (agent) is endowed with multi-dimensional private information, namely her ``ideal'' record that she values the most and how her valuation for a given record changes as its distance from her ideal record changes. Consequently, the revenue-maximization problem faced by a data-seller (principal), who serves multiple buyers, is a multi-dimensional mechanism-design problem, which is well-recognized as being difficult to solve. Our main result in this paper is an approximation scheme that guarantees a revenue within as close a positive amount from the optimal revenue as desired. The scheme generates a posted-price menu consisting of a set of item-price pairs -- each entry in the menu consists of an item, i.e., a set of records from the dataset, and the price corresponding to that item. As a tradeoff, the length of the menu resulting from the scheme increases as the desired guarantee gets closer to zero. For convenience in practice, data-sellers may want the ability to limit the length of the menu used by the scheme. To facilitate this, we extend our analysis to obtain a general approximation guarantee corresponding to a menu of any given length. We also demonstrate how the seller can exploit buyers' preferences to generate intuitive and useful rules of thumb for an effective practical implementation of the scheme.
Keywords: Data Monetization, Multi-Dimensional Mechanism Design, Approximation Scheme
JEL Classification: C61, D47, D82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation