Rethinking Capital Structure Decision and Corporate Social Responsibility in Response to COVID-19
Accounting and Finance, Vol. 61, 2021
39 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last revised: 3 Apr 2023
Date Written: September 29, 2020
COVID-19 has severely constricted the global economic activities. This paper examines the joint effect of capital structure and corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities on firm risk during COVID-19. We find that firms having excessive debt beyond the optimal level experienced high firm risk during the pandemic and the effect is more prevalent among firms with poor CSR performance. In contrast, firms with a debt level below the optimum are self-protected regardless of their CSR practices. Our study provides businesses with insights of post-pandemic directions on capital structure and CSR policies to build up sustainability and resilience in a volatile market.
Keywords: COVID-19, Capital structure, Financial risk, CSR
JEL Classification: G10, G32, G33, I10, M14
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